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Fiber and sugar contents in vegetables prescribed and consumed by diabetics in Kisangani

Lusamaki Mukunda1,*, Solomo Elumbu2, Kayisu Kalenga3, Nyongombe Utshudienyema4, Posho Ikolonga5, Mbutu Mango6, Losimba Likwela7 and Batina Agasa8

1Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani
2Faculty of Science, University of Kisangani
3Department of Chemistry and Agricultural Industries Faculty Institute of Agricultural Sciences of Yangambi
4National Pedagogical University
5Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani
6High institute of Medical Techniques of Kisangani
7Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani
8University Clinics, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani

Corresponding Author Email: f.lusmuk@yahoo.fr (Lusamaki Mukunda)

Page No: 275 - 280

Keywords: Diabetic, Vegetable consumption, Dietary fiber and Sugars

Received - January 17, 2015; Revision - March 05, 2015; Accepted - June 11, 2015 Available Online - June 19, 2015

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18006/2015.3(3).275.280

Abstract

Consumption of high fiber foods such as fruits and vegetables is beneficial in stabilizing blood sugar. Therefore present study has been conducted to evaluate and determine the fiber and total sugar contents in leafy vegetables prescribed to diabetics in Kisangani. Fifty Nine participants (aged between 30 to 79 years) suffering from diabetes mellitus were interviewed on consumption of leafy vegetables that health workers prescribe for them. Result of the study revealed that 41.1% of the respondents consumed vegetables at least once in a day while 30.5% respondents consumed vegetables twice in a day. The most consumed vegetables were Manihot esculenta (84.8%), Amaranthus hybridis (55.9%) and Ipomoea batatas (41.1%). The fiber content ranges from 1g / 100g (Bracica oleracea & Solanum nigrum) to 3.6 g / 100 g (Amaranthus hybridis) while the sugar content was reported from 2.5g / 100g ( Abelmoschus esculentus) to 15.5 g / 100 g (Manihot esculenta). Results of the study identified some leafy vegetables which are rich in dietary fiber and consumption of these would be beneficial for the diabetics.

Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences © COPYRIGHT 2015 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED